Citing: The process of acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas.
DOI (doi): A digital object identifier (DOI) is a alphanumeric string assigned by the publisher for articles available electronically. A DOI provides a persistent link to the article online.
In-Text Citation: A brief reference included in the body of your work, for example (author last name and year of publication). The in-text citations direct readers to the detailed Reference page.
Paraphrasing: Rewording or restating a passage or text.
Plagiarism: Using or rewording the language and/or ideas of others without providing a citation.
Quoting: Words taken from a text and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker.
Reference: Detailed citation about the source.
In research, it is essential to acknowledge how others contributed to your work. By following the principles of proper citation, writers ensure that readers understand their contribution in the context of the existing literature—how they are building on, critically examining, and engaging the work that has come before.
The APA (American Psychological Association) Style 7th edition provides guidelines to help writers determine the appropriate level of citation and how to avoid plagiarism.
This is a brief guide to the American Psychological Association (APA) Style for references and citations. For detailed standards and procedures, consult the Publication Manual of the APA or the APA Style website.
American Psychological Association. In-Text Citations. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org. 2022. In-text citations.
The 7th edition provides more guidance and support for students and most guidelines apply to student papers and professional manuscripts.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Call Number: BF76.7.983 2020