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Prof. Joseph - COMM109 - Spring 2023

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

The products of your own original work are your Intellectual Property. This includes writing, artwork, fiction, photographs, etc.

To demonstrate respect for others' intellectual property, you must give credit where it is due.

Respect the intellectual property of others - authors, artists, creators, producers - by paraphrasing and citing your sources.

Why We Cite:
‚Äč
When you write a research paper, you use information and facts from a variety of resources to support your own ideas to develop new ones. You cite these sources for the following reasons:

  • To Give Credit
    Giving credit to the original source acknowledges experts and scholars for their contribution. In some fields, citations can lead to career advancement.
  • To Establish Credibility
    Citations build credibility because they demonstrate how much you have read and learned, including sometimes from competing and multiple viewpoints. It will be clear to your reader that your ideas are well supported. 
  • To Help the Reader
    Citations can guide your readers to more information about your topic. They can also offer in that they suggest clues to the larger conversation in which your work is positioned. 
  • To Participate in the Conversation
    Your work contributes to ongoing intellectual conversations.
  • To Help Researchers Organize and Share Information in a Standardized Way

Common Elements of an MLA 9 Citation

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