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Prof. Baez - SOC102 Marriage and Family: APA Citing and Plagiarism

Cite Your Sources in APA Style and Format

You will be using APA format for your project: references to sources for the journal reports along with the research proposal and final presentation.

When you are ready to cite the sources you have used for your research, visit the library's homepage to find guides and resources that will help you cite in APA format. It will offer example citations for the most common source types.  

Even if you use a citation maker such as NoodleTools, you must still check your citations again the APA guide to make sure they are 100% correct.

If you need help, ask a librarian or submit your question to Ask us anything!

Journal Article Reports - Citation for Quote

Standard APA format for DIRECT (word-for-word) QUOTE in APA format:


One Author: (Lastname, Year, p. page#) 

(Baez, 2019, p. 17)   *space between the p. and the page #

Two Authors: (Lastname & Lastname, Year, p. page#)

(Rosenfeld & Roesler, 2019, p. 54)

*Three or more Authors: (FirstAuthorLastName, et al., Year, p. page#).

(Martin et al., 2020, p. 245)

If the quote runs for more than 1 page use pp. page#s  e.g. (Rosenfeld & Roesler, 2019, pp. 54-55)

*7th ed. update. If you read articles 2019 and earlier, you will see more authors listed.

APA Citation Examples

APA References Page:

Guilmette, T. J., Malia, L. A., and McQuiggan, M. D. (2007) Concussion understanding and management among New England high school football coaches. Brain Injury, 21(10), 1039-1047.  doi:10.3109/02699051003648227

APA states that database names and DOI numbers are optional (handbook p. 192), but adding them are good practice and will make it easier to track down your sources again. 


APA examples:

Chapter in an electronic book (*do not add period after URL or DOI)

Bilotta, E., & Evans, G. W. (2012). Environmental stress. In L. Steg, A. van den Berg, J. de Groot (Eds.), Environmental psychology: An introduction (pp. 28-35). Retrieved from

Print Book

Bradshaw, J. (2013). The behaviour of the domestic cat. Boston: CABI International.

Print journal, (with issue, no volume)

Iyoob, I., Rossetti, M. D., & Chen, Y. (2013). Cloud computing clarity: What every IE needs to know about the newest software paradigm. Industrial Engineer, (4), 32-7.

Online article with DOI

Jackson, J. J., & Samuel, T. S. (2001). The impact of climate change on sea levels. Journal of Environmental Science55(4), 233-277. doi:10.1070/8567-6582.33.5.888 


APA Tips:

Authors: Last Name, First initial : Bradshaw, J.

Multiple Authors: Separate with commas, use comma & before last author: Iyoob, I., Rossetti, M. D., & Chen, Y.

Put year of publication in parentheses (2016) use (n.d.) if no date found. Use (year, month day) if information available.

Titles: Put titles (books, articles websites) in ‘sentence case’ – only capitalize first word (and first word after any punctuation) and proper nouns: Environmental psychology: An introduction

BUT capitalize journal titles: Journal of Environmental Science

Italicize book and journal titles: Journal of Environmental Science

Journals: Volume (in italics) followed by issue (in parentheses) no space between: 55(4)

Online sources: Use DOI (if available) or Retrieved from URL Do not add a period at the end of the DOI or the URL doi:10.1070/8567-6582.33.5.888 or Retrieved from


Don't forget to cite images on your presentation!

APA format: Lastname, FirstInitial (or Organization Name). (Year, Month Day of publication). Title [image type*]. URL

*for image type use: Infographic, Photograph, Map, Clip Art etc.

Kaiser Family Foundation. (2018, December). Barriers to Healthcare among Nonelderly Adults by Insurance Status, 2017 [Infographic].



Or (if no author)

Title [Image type]. (Year, Month Day of publication). URL


Note: To create a hanging indentation in Google Docs: How to Do a Hanging Indent in Google Docs (3 Ways)

Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism occurs when you use another person's verbal or written words or text in your own work without appropriately documenting the source of the borrowed words or text. The borrowed text could come from a variety of places, such as a book, a newspaper, a magazine, a website, or even another student's paper.

The WCC Academic Honesty Policy states:

Plagiarism is the act of presenting another person’s ideas, research, or writing as your own.  Examples include:

  1. Copying another person’s actual words without both the use of quotations and documentation.

  2. Presenting another person’s ideas or theories in your own words without documentation.

  3. Using information that is not considered common knowledge without acknowledging the source.

  4. Using a paper writing “service” or having a friend write the paper for you.

Note:  The guidelines that define plagiarism also apply to information secured on internet websites.  Internet references must specify precisely where the information was obtained and where it can be found. 

You may think that citing another author’s work will lower your grade.  In some unusual cases this may be true, if your instructor has indicated that you must write your paper without reading additional material.  But in fact, as you progress in your studies, you will be expected to show that you are familiar with important work in your field and can use this work to further your thinking.  Your professors write this kind of paper all the time.  The key to avoiding plagiarism is that you show clearly where your own thinking ends and someone else’s begins.

No matter where the text comes from, it must be documented accurately. Accurate documentation means that you must follow the MLA (Modern Language Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) rules for documentation.

Additional Citation Help

APA 7th ed. Citation Workshop (WCC Library YouTube)

APA Basics Part 2 In-Text Citations

The tutorials above will help answer the most common questions about APA 7th ed format. 

*Click SHOW MORE below the video to skip to the citation format type you need to cite.

APA Citation and Formatting

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