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Film 110H - Cinema Studies - Prof. Kreger - Fall 2021: Citation & Plagiarism

What is intellectual property?

Intellectual property graphic from 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

The products of your own original work are your Intellectual Property. This includes writing, artwork, fiction, photographs, etc.

To demonstrate respect for others' intellectual property, you must give credit where it is due.

Respect the intellectual property of others - authors, artists, creators, producers - by paraphrasing and citing your sources.

Why We Cite

‚ÄčWhen you write a research paper, you use information and facts from a variety of resources to support your own ideas to develop new ones. You cite these sources for the following reasons:

  • To Give Credit
    Giving credit to the original source acknowledges experts and scholars for their contribution. In some fields, citations can lead to career advancement.
  • To Establish Credibility
    Citations build credibility because they demonstrate how much you have read and learned, including sometimes from competing and multiple viewpoints. It will be clear to your reader that your ideas are well supported. 
  • To Help the Reader
    Citations can guide your readers to more information about your topic. They can also offer in that they suggest clues to the larger conversation in which your work is positioned. 
  • To Participate in the Conversation
    Your work contributes to ongoing intellectual conversations.
  • To Help Researchers Organize and Share Information in a Standardized Way

Citation Examples

Citing Films, Movies, and Television Shows

 

A Movie Viewed in Person

Opening Night. Directed by John Cassavetes, Faces Distribution, 1977. 

A Movie Viewed Online

Richardson, Tony, director. Sanctuary. Screenplay by James Poe, Twentieth Century Fox, 1961. YouTube, uploaded by LostCinemaChannel, 17 July 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMnzFM_Sq8s.

A Television Show Viewed on Physical Media

“Hush.” 1999. Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Complete Fourth Season, created by Joss Whedon, episode 10, Mutant Enemy / Twentieth Century Fox, 2003, disc 3. DVD.

Source: "How to Cite a Movie, Video, or Television Show" Ask MLA. https://style.mla.org/works-cited/citations-by-format/movies-videos-and-television-shows/

Common Elements of a Citation

9 Common Core Elements of MLA 8

Rather than give strict format rules for different types of sources, the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook identifies 9 "core elements" common to most sources and provides flexible guidelines on how to reference them in your Works Cited list.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/libapps/accounts/1670/images/MLA_8th_large.JPG

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