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Prof. Elias; Eng. 101 - FALL 2023 : Citation: Elements of an MLA Citation

Common Elements of an MLA 9 Citation

9 Common Core Elements

Rather than give strict format rules for different types of sources, the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook identifies 9 "core elements" common to most sources and provides flexible guidelines on how to reference them in your Works Cited list.

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(Commas separate details of the "container" or master work until all details are exhausted.)

Why We Cite

‚ÄčWhen you write a research paper, you use information and facts from a variety of resources to support your own ideas to develop new ones. You cite these sources for the following reasons:

  • To Give Credit to the original source by acknowledging experts and scholars for their contribution.
  • To Establish Credibility by demonstrating to your reader that your ideas are well supported. 
  • To Help the Reader by guiding them to more information about your topic.
  • To Help Researchers organize and share information in a standardized way

If you do not cite your sources, that is PLAGIARISM. 

Note:  You must cite an author even if you paraphrase their words. 

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