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COMM 101 Prof. Stephens; SPRING 2023: Citing Sources

The Path of a Citation

The purpose of the in-text citation is to direct the reader to the full citation on your Works Cited page by creating a path from:

  • The original source to
  • Your text using in-text citations to
  • Your Works Cited page‚Äč

NOTE:  Every source you use MUST have both an in-text (parenthetical) citation within the body of your paper and a full citation on your Works Cited page.

Citation Help

Examples of Full Citation and Parenthetical (In-text) Citation

When you use an author's words or ideas, you must cite, or give credit to the author's work. This is done by using abbreviated citations in the text of your paper, and a full citation at the end of your paper on a separated sheet titled "Works Cited." You must give credit when you quote an author directly or when you put the author's ideas into your own words (paraphrasing).

Below are two examples of citing journal articles.

The full citation appears first, followed by the in-text citation, which is the author's name and the page number where you found the information in the article in parentheses. Ex. (Smith 27).

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Journal Title, volume number, issue number, Publication Date, pages. Database, URL.


Dewan, Pauline. “Perennially Popular The Appeal of Classic Fairy Tales for Children.” Children & Libraries: The Journal of the Association for Library Service to Children, vol. 14, no. 2, Summer 2016, pp. 27–31. EBSCOhost,

In-text citation (Dewan 29)

“Castles and palaces are the apex of the built world in fairy tales” (Dewan 29).

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Journal Title, volume number, issue number, Publication Date, pages. Database, URL. 


Sanyal, Nilanjana, and Manisha Dasgupta. “Fairy Tales: The Emotional Processors of Childhood Conflicts in Dynamic Interpretative Lens.” SIS Journal of Projective Psychology & Mental Health, vol. 24, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 39–47. EBSCOhost,

In-text citation (Sanyal and Dasgupta 46)

“Fairy tales offer new dimensions to the child’s imagination which would be impossible for him to discover as truly on his own” (Sanyal and Dasgupta 46).

Failing to cite your sources is PLAGIARISM!!!!

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