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Prof. Braun HSERV200 - Racial and Social Justice

Conflict Theory

According to the Encyclopedia of Social Deviance (CREDO reference) conflict theory is the study the power dynamics among members of competing groups. This theory assumes that there is an unequal distribution of power within a society -- and because of inequality, conflict arises between groups.

"Conflict Theory." Encyclopedia of Social Deviance, edited by Craig J. Forsyth, and Heith Copes, Sage Publications, 1st edition, 2014. Credo Reference, Accessed 27 Oct. 2021.

Conflict theory | Society and Culture | MCAT | Khan Academy

The following video, directed by Khan Academy, explains conflict theory through the ideas and philosophies of Karl Marx -- highlighting the inequalities between the bourgeoisie (corporate owners, wealthy) and the proletariat (corporate workers, lower class). Conflict theory is applicable to many of the inequities within American history (i.e. civil rights of Black Americans and women's suffrage). 


According to Womankind Worldwide, intersectionality is the acknowledgement that everyone has their own unique experiences of discrimination and oppression– gender, race, class, sexual orientation, physically impaired, etc (and how these experiences intersect). First coined by Professor Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989, the term has become more mainstream in the efforts to dismantle oppressive conditions among marginalized communities. 

Prof. Crenshaw simplifies this definition in the video below:

Intersectionality (Resources)

Social geography I: Intersectionality (Peer reviewed journal --Discovery/Primo

Hopkins, Peter. “Social Geography I: Intersectionality.” Progress in Human Geography, vol. 43, no. 5, SAGE Publications, 2019, pp. 937–47, doi:10.1177/0309132517743677.

Women’s health, men’s health, and gender and health: Implications of intersectionality (Peer reviewed journal -- Discovery/Primo)

Hankivsky, Olena. “Women’s Health, Men’s Health, and Gender and Health: Implications of Intersectionality.” Social Science & Medicine (1982), vol. 74, no. 11, Elsevier Ltd, 2012, pp. 1712–20, doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.11.029.

The Intersectionality Wars -- meet Kimberlé Crenshaw (News article, Vox)

Coaston, Jane. “The Intersectionality Wars.” Vox, Vox, 20 May 2019, 

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