What is Juneteenth?
As the Civil War approached its third year, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. This was an executive order that abolished slavery (for Confederate states). Unfortunately, due to a lack of Union troops occupying Texas, the executive order was not enforced. It was not until the surrender of the Confederacy in April of 1865, and the arrival of Major General Granger’s regiment, that Union forces had enough influence to free the 250,000 slaves in Galveston, Texas ("What is Juneteenth?" - Elizabeth Nix).
Henry Louise Gates Jr., Professor of Alphonse Fletcher University and Director of the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African-American Research at Harvard University, highlights the grim history of Juneteenth and the events that followed.
Gates Jr., Henry Louise. "What Is Juneteenth?" The Root, Gizmodo Media Group, 17
June 2013, www.theroot.com/what-is-juneteenth-1790896900.
Want to know why Juneteenth is important for Americans to celebrate? Check out this video published by the Root.
Juneteenth sources available in WCC Catalog:
"Juneteenth" in the Multicultural America : A Multimedia Encyclopedia, 2014, Vol.3, p.1282-1283
BARR, ALWYN. “Juneteenth.” The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Volume 4: Myth, Manners, and Memory, edited by CHARLES REAGAN WILSON, University of North Carolina Press, 2006, pp. 239–240
Henry Louis Gates, Jr. PBS series "Out of the Shadows"
Juneteenth sources available online:
Dillard, Coshandra. "Teaching Juneteenth." Teaching Tolerance, Southern Poverty
Law Center, 12 June 2019, www.tolerance.org/magazine/teaching-juneteenth.
Higgins, Molly. "Juneteenth: Fact Sheet." Fas.org, Congressional Research
Service, 3 June 2020, fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44865.pdf.
Nix, Elizabeth. "What is Juneteenth." History, A&E Television Networks, 31 Aug.
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