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Prof. Packer - Eng. 101 - SPRING 2024: Citing Sources

The Path of a Citation

The purpose of the in-text citation is to direct the reader to the full citation on your Works Cited page by creating a path from:

  • The original source to
  • Your text using in-text citations to
  • Your Works Cited page‚Äč

Citation Help

What is an In-Text Citation?

In-text citations are brief references within the body of your paper that direct the reader to the entries on the Works Cited page. 

An in-text citation consists of the author's last name and the page number where you found that information, in parentheses.


(Julian 132)


In-text citation within the body of your paper.

            Quoting the author directly

“A bigger problem is that cognitive behavioral therapy can only work if the patient is motivated, and many anxious children have approximately zero interest in battling their fears” (Julian 32).


            Paraphrasing (putting the author's ideas into your own words)

One problem with cognitive behavior therapy is that the patient must be motivated in order for it to be successful, and many children are not willing to face their fears (Julian 32).


Format for citing a journal article from a library database:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Journal Title, volume, number, publication
date, pages. Database, DOI or URL.


Julian, Kate. “Childhood in an Anxious Age.” Atlantic 325, no. 4, May 2020, pp. 28–41. Academic Search Complete,


Works Cited

Graff, Gerald, and Cathy Birkenstein. "They say / I say": The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing with Readings. W.W. Norton & Company, 2021.

Julian, Kate. “Childhood in an Anxious Age.” Atlantic 325, no. 4, May 2020, pp. 28–41. Academic Search Complete,

NOTE:  Every source you use MUST have both an in-text citation within the body of your paper and a full citation on your works cited page.

In-text citations for number of authors

  • One author (Julian 32)
  • Two authors (Graff and Birkenstein 175)

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