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Prof. Alammar - Eng. 101 FALL 2021: In-Text Citations

The Path of a Citation

 

The purpose of the in-text citation is to direct the reader to the full citation on the Works Cited page. 

An in-text citation creates a path from:

                                    The source (ex. a journal article) to

                                The text of your paper using in-text citations to

                                Your Works Cited page

Example of an in-text citation:

“The associations between mild food insecurity and illness did not differ significantly by child age” (Schmeer 12).

 

The full citation for this source:

                                                                  Works Cited​

Schmeer, Kammi K. “Household Food Insecurity and Child Health.” Maternal & Child Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 2, April 2017, pp. 1-13. Academic Search Complete, lib-proxy.sunywcc.edu:2061/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=122198106&site=ehost-live.

In-Text Citations: Quoting vs. Paraphrasing

Original source:

“The associations between mild food insecurity and illness did not differ significantly by child age" (Schmeer 12).

Paraphrasingputting the author’s ideas into your own words.

A child’s age was not a factor in the association of illness caused by mild food shortages (Schmeer 12).

In-text Citations for Differing Numbers of Authors

One author:

“The right to speak and read anonymously has played a central role in the history of free expression in America” (Rosen 168).

Two authors:

“The right to speak and read anonymously has played a central role in the history of free expression in America” (Rosen and Murray 168).

Three or more authors:

“The right to speak and read anonymously has played a central role in the history of free expression in America” (Rosen et al. 168).

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