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HIS 101 - Western Civilization to 1648 - Prof. Jackson - Fall 22: Chicago Citing and Plagiarism

Database and Catalog Citations for Chicago Style

There are two formats of Chicago Style citations (Author/Date and Notes and Bibliography). The library databases and catalog may not offer the option needed for this assignment (Notes and Bibliography). There are slight differences between them.

Academic Search Complete Chicago Style Citation: Author/Date:


Notes and Bibliography Style:

Roman, Richard and Edur Velasco Arregui. "1810, 1920, 2010 and Mexican Labor." Against the Current 25, no 5 (2010): 23-26. Academic Search Complete. 

Chicago Style Citation Examples

You need to cite where your information came from in the body of your paper (via footnotes) AND on a Reference List at the end.

For Chicago/Turabian format you will be incorporating footnotes in the body of your paper. For the FIRST use of a source, you will use a full citation and for every citation afterwards a shortened citation. *Notice that there are slight differences between the full footnote citation format and the References List citation (Footnote: First name first vs. Reference: Last name first; Footnote: commas vs Reference periods).

For note numbers: Use either a number + period in regular case OR a superscript number with no period (pick one format and stick with it).


  2. Manjoo, “Snap.”

  2 Manjoo, “Snap.”


Journal Article

"Journal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the bibliography; in a note, list only the first, followed by et al. (“and others”). For more than ten authors, list the first seven in the bibliography, followed by et al. "


First citation:

      1 FirstName MiddleName LastName, "Full Article Title in Quotes," Journal Name in Italics vol#, no. no# (year): page#, doi: # OR library database name.

      2 Mike J. Crawford, et al., "Selecting Outcome Measures in Mental Health: The Views of Service Users," Journal of Mental Health 20, no. 4 (2011): 340, doi: 10.3109/09638237.2011.577114.

    3 Peter LaSalle, “Conundrum: A Story about Reading,” New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95, Project MUSE.


Shortened citation (2nd citation and all following citations):

     1 LastName, "Shortened Title," page#.

     2 Crawford, "Selecting Outcome Measures," 343.

     3 LaSalle, "Conundrum," 101.


Bibliography *note some library databases use the author/date system, which is slightly different. See above.

LastName, FirstName MiddleName. "Full Article Title in Quotes." Journal Name in Italics vol#, no. no# (year): firstpage#-lastpage#. doi: # OR library database name.

Crawford, Mike J., Dan Robotham, Lavanya Thana, Sue Patterson, Tim Weaver, Rosemary Barber, Til Wykes, and Diana Rose. "Selecting Outcome Measures in Mental Health: The Views of Service Users." Journal of Mental Health 20, no. 4 (2011): 336-346. doi: 10.3109/09638237.2011.577114.

LaSalle, Peter. “Conundrum: A Story about Reading.” New England Review 38, no. 1 (2017): 95–109. Project MUSE.


Online News Source: "Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like"

First Citation

     1 FirstName LastName, “Full Article Title in Quotes,” Website name in Italics, Month day, year, URL.

     2 Farhad Manjoo, “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera,” New York Times, March 8, 2017,


Shortened citation (2nd citation and all following citations):

      1 LastName, "Shortened article." 

      2 Manjoo, “Snap.”



LastName, FirstName MiddleName. “Article Title in Quotes.” Website in Italics, Month Day, Year. URL.

Manjoo, Farhad. “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera.” New York Times, March 8, 2017.


For online sources with no date, include an access date before the URL.

For non-news websites do not italicize the website name. 

      3 FirstName MiddleName LastName, “Full Article Title in Quotes," Website name, accessed Month day, year, URL.

      3 “Balkan Romani, ”Endangered Languages, Alliance for Linguistic Diversity," accessed June 10, 2016,



“Balkan Romani.” Endangered Languages, Alliance for Linguistic Diversity. Accessed June 10, 2016.



First Citation

     1 FirstName MiddleName LastName and FirstName MiddleName LastName, Full Book Title in Itialics (PublisherCity: Publisher Name, Year), page#.

     2 Sharon Sassler and Amanda Jayne Miller, Cohabitation Nation: Gender, Class, and the Remaking of Relationships (Oakland: University of California Press, 2017), 114.


Shortened citation (2nd citation and all following citations):

     1 LastName and LastName, Shortened Title, page#.

     2 Sassler and Miller, Cohabitation Nation, 205.



LastName, FirstName MiddleName, and FirstName MiddleName LastName. Full Book Title in Italics. PublisherCity: Publisher Name, Year

Sassler, Sharon, and Amanda Jayne Miller. Cohabitation Nation: Gender, Class, and the Remaking of Relationships. Oakland: University of California Press, 2017.


Chapter in a Book 

First Citation

     1 FirstName Middle LastName, “Chapter Title in Quotes,” in Book Title in Italics ed. EditorFirstName Lastname (PublisherCity: Publisher Name, Year), page#.

     2 Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” in The Making of the American Essay, ed. John D’Agata (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.


Shortened citation (2nd citation and all following citations):

     1 LastName, “Short Title,” page#.

     2 Thoreau, “Walking,” 182.



LastName, FirstName MiddleName “Chapter Title in Quotes.” In Book Title in Italics, edited by First LastNameofEditor, firstpage#–lastpage#ofChapter. PublisherCity: Publisher Name, Year.

Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.


Film or Video

First Citation (use time stamp)

Sirio Canós-Donnay, "The underappreciated archeological history of Africa," TEDx Talks, June 15, 2015,, 0:09:10.

Shortened Citation

Canós-Donnay, 0:06:43.



Canós-Donnay, Sirio. "The underappreciated archeological history of Africa." TEDx video, 10:18. June 15, 2015.,


Television Program

First Citation (use time stamp)

1 Africa's Great Civilizations, part 1, "Origins," hosted by Henry Louis Gates, November 11, 2017,, 0:35:43.

Shortened Citation

Africa's Great Civilizations, 0:35:43.



Africa's Great Civilizations, part 1, "Origins." Hosted by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. November 11, 2017.


Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism occurs when you use another person's verbal or written words or text in your own work without appropriately documenting the source of the borrowed words or text. The borrowed text could come from a variety of places, such as a book, a newspaper, a magazine, a website, or even another student's paper.

The WCC Academic Honesty Policy states:

Plagiarism is the act of presenting another person’s ideas, research, or writing as your own.  Examples include:

  1. Copying another person’s actual words without both the use of quotations and documentation.

  2. Presenting another person’s ideas or theories in your own words without documentation.

  3. Using information that is not considered common knowledge without acknowledging the source.

  4. Using a paper writing “service” or having a friend write the paper for you.

Note:  The guidelines that define plagiarism also apply to information secured on internet websites.  Internet references must specify precisely where the information was obtained and where it can be found. 

You may think that citing another author’s work will lower your grade.  In some unusual cases this may be true, if your instructor has indicated that you must write your paper without reading additional material.  But in fact, as you progress in your studies, you will be expected to show that you are familiar with important work in your field and can use this work to further your thinking.  Your professors write this kind of paper all the time.  The key to avoiding plagiarism is that you show clearly where your own thinking ends and someone else’s begins.

No matter where the text comes from, it must be documented accurately. Accurate documentation means that you must follow the MLA (Modern Language Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) rules for documentation.

Citing Your Sources

You will be using CHICAGO STYLE for your paper, also referred to as Turabian, as Kate Turabian authored the popular style guide manual (A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations) used by students.

If you need help, ask a librarian or submit your question to Ask us anything!

In Our Collection

How to Create Footnotes

Superscript numbers are NOT followed by a period. Footnotes are inserted AFTER the final period in the sentence.

Microsoft WORD : Use the FOOTNOTE function under REFERENCE > INSERT FOOTNOTE. This will automatically insert footnotes in order and bring you down to the note section to add the note.



To insert footnote. INSERT > FOOTNOTE. This will automatically insert footnotes in order and bring you down to the note section to add the note.

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