9 Common Core Elements
Rather than give strict format rules for different types of sources, the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook identifies 9 "core elements" common to most sources and provides flexible guidelines on how to reference them in your Works Cited list.
(Commas separate details of the "container" or master work until all details are exhausted.)
When you write a research paper, you use information and facts from a variety of resources to support your own ideas to develop new ones. You cite these sources for the following reasons:
Giving credit to the source acknowledges experts and scholars for their contribution.
Citations build credibility because they demonstrate how much you have read and learned, including sources from competing and multiple viewpoints. It will be apparent to your reader that your ideas are well supported.
Citations can guide your readers to more information about your topic.
Your work contributes to ongoing intellectual conversations.