Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Prof. Packer - Eng. 101 FALL 2022: In-Text Citations

The Path of a Citation

 

An in-text citation is an abbreviated citation that appears in the text of your paper. The purpose of the in-text citation is to direct the reader to the full citation on the Works Cited page. 

An in-text citation creates a path from:

                                    The original source (ex. a journal article) to

                                The text of your paper using in-text citations to

                                Your Works Cited page

 

Example of an in-text citation:

“The associations between mild food insecurity and illness did not differ significantly by child age" (Schmeer 12).

 

How this source would appear as an entry on the Works Cited page.

Works Cited

Schmeer, Kammi K. “Household Food Insecurity and Child Health.” Maternal and Child Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 2, Wiley, 2017, pp. 1-13. https://suny-wes.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01SUNY_WES/ak5uok/cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_6865872.

In-text Citations for Differing Numbers of Authors

One author:

“The right to speak and read anonymously has played a central role in the history of free expression in America” (Rosen 168).

Two authors:

“The right to speak and read anonymously has played a central role in the history of free expression in America” (Rosen and Murray 168).

Three or more authors:

“The right to speak and read anonymously has played a central role in the history of free expression in America” (Rosen et al. 168).

In-Text Citations: Quoting vs. Paraphrasing

Original text

“The associations between mild food insecurity and illness did not differ significantly by child age" (Schmeer 12).

Paraphrasingputting the author’s ideas into your own words.

A child’s age was not a factor in the association of illness caused by mild food shortages (Schmeer 12).

Celebrating 75 Years of Excellence!

Westchester Community College provides accessible, high quality and affordable education to meet the needs of our diverse community. We are committed to student success, academic excellence, workforce development, economic development and lifelong learning.

MyWCC
Facebook Facebook Facebook Facebook Facebook

75 Grasslands Road
Valhalla, NY 10595
Tel: (914) 606-6600