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Prof. Courage: ENG102 - Essay #2: Citing and Plagiarism

This guide is for students in ENG102 with Prof. Courage who are working on Essay #2.

MLA8 Citation Examples


You are responsible for the accuracy of citations on your Works Cited page. Double check database names, capitalization and formatting when you copy + paste citations. *Currently some databases on the EBSCO platform are not adding the correct database names, EBSCO is NOT the name of a database. The database name appears over the search boxes.

Online sources: Include the URL (minus http://) or the DOI number if available.


Article in a library database:

Guilmette, Thomas J., Laurie A. Malia, and Michael D. McQuiggan. "Concussion understanding and management among New England high school football coaches." Brain Injury, vol. 21 no. 10, 2007, pp. 1039-1047. Academic Search Complete, 

In-Text Citation*: (Guilmette et al. 1045) 

1 author: (Marks 21)

2 authors: (author and author page)

3+  authors, list the first author et al. ('and others') :  (Guilmette et al. 1045) 

Social Media Post:

The SnoBahr That Writes [@snobarh]. "The Oxford English Dictionary traces singular they back to 1375, where it appears in the medieval romance William and the Werewolf." Twitter, 27 Oct. 2021,

In-Text Citation (The Snobahr That Writes)

*see also MLA's advice on copying emojis in social media posts

Article on a website (with no author):

"Public Agrees on Obesity's Impact, Not Government's Role." Pew Research Center, 12 Nov. 2013, Accessed 20 March 2017.

*delete http:// from all URLs

In-Text Citation: ("Obesity's Impact")


Braun, Sara. HSERV200: Diversity and Social Justice. 27 Oct. 2021, Westchester Community College, Valhalla. Class Lecture.

In-Text Citation: (Braun)

Print Book: 

Ronson, Jon. So You've Been Publicly Shamed. Riverhead Books, 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Ronson 62)

Electronic Book in a library database:

Ricke, LaCrystal D. The Impact of Youtube on U.S. Politics. Lexington Books, 2014. ebrary,

In-Text Citation: (Ricke 67)

Online Video:

Fogarty, Mignon. How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics). YouTube, uploaded by GrammarGirl, 30 Sept. 2016,

In-Text Citation: (Fogarty)

Statistical Table:

U.S. Census Bureau. "HI:01: Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Status by Selected Characteristics, 2015." Current Population Surveys for Health Insurance Coverage, 25 August 2016. Accessed 20 March 2017.

In-Text Citation: ("Current Population Survey" Table 7)



If you are unsure of how to cite your resource,  ask a librarian for help. See the GET HELP tab for library hours and contact information.

Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism occurs when you use another person's verbal or written words or text in your own work without appropriately documenting the source of the borrowed words or text. The borrowed text could come from a variety of places, such as a book, a newspaper, a magazine, a website, or even another student's paper.

The WCC Academic Honesty Policy states:

Plagiarism is the act of presenting another person’s ideas, research, or writing as your own.  Examples include:

  1. Copying another person’s actual words without both the use of quotations and documentation.

  2. Presenting another person’s ideas or theories in your own words without documentation.

  3. Using information that is not considered common knowledge without acknowledging the source.

  4. Using a paper writing “service” or having a friend write the paper for you.

Note:  The guidelines that define plagiarism also apply to information secured on internet websites.  Internet references must specify precisely where the information was obtained and where it can be found. 

You may think that citing another author’s work will lower your grade.  In some unusual cases this may be true, if your instructor has indicated that you must write your paper without reading additional material.  But in fact, as you progress in your studies, you will be expected to show that you are familiar with important work in your field and can use this work to further your thinking.  Your professors write this kind of paper all the time.  The key to avoiding plagiarism is that you show clearly where your own thinking ends and someone else’s begins.

No matter where the text comes from, it must be documented accurately. Accurate documentation means that you must follow the MLA (Modern Language Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) rules for documentation.

Citing Your Sources

You will use MLA style for your paper.

When you are ready to cite the sources you have used for your research, visit the library's homepage and click MLA under the Citation heading  for the guide prepared by the library. It will offer example citations for the most common source types.  

If you need help, ask a librarian or submit your question to Ask us anything!

Many of the databases are provided through the EBSCO platform. EBSCO is not the name of a database. Look for the name above the search box to use in your citations.

Additional MLA Citation Help

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