9 Common Core Elements
Rather than give strict format rules for different types of sources, the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook identifies 9 "core elements" common to most sources and provides flexible guidelines on how to reference them in your Works Cited list.
(Commas separate details of the "container" or master work until all details are exhausted.)
When you write a research paper, you use information and facts from a variety of resources to support your own ideas to develop new ones. You cite these sources for the following reasons:
Citation with Author:
Kapur, Nick. “William McKinley’s Values and the Origins of the Spanish-American War: A Reinterpretation.” , vol. 41, no. 1, Mar. 2011, pp. 18–38. , lib-proxy.sunywcc.edu:2061/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ahl&AN=57240100&site=ehost-live.
Citation without Author:
"Harriet Beecher Stowe." New York Times (1857-1922), 22 Dec. 1889, p. 19. Historical New York Times, lib-proxy.sunywcc.edu/login?url=https://lib-proxy.sunywcc.edu:2077/docview/94759496?accountid=14174.
In -text citation:
("Harriet Beecher Stowe")